Packer ansible pass variable

I am trying to pass a single variable from Packer (0.10.0) to Ansible ( and am having no luck extra_arguments is for passing additional command line arguments to ansible, beyond the ones already passed in by packer.. it is not solely for passing extra variables to ansible. --extra-vars is an example of one of the extra_arguments that you could pass, but it is not the only one. for example, i pass -vvv in to get to the bottom of things sometimes.. timeout (duration) - If the provisioner takes more than for example 1h10m1s or 10m to finish, the provisioner will timeout and fail. » Default Extra Variables In addition to being able to specify extra arguments using the extra_arguments configuration, the provisioner automatically defines certain commonly useful Ansible variables: packer_build_name is set to the name of the build that Packer. User variables allow your templates to be further configured with variables from the command-line, environment variables, or files. This lets you parameterize your templates so that you can keep secret tokens, environment-specific data, and other types of information out of your templates. This maximizes the portability and shareability of the template

Issue passing variables to Ansible from Packe

  1. Using Variables ¶. Using Variables. Ansible uses variables to manage differences between systems. With Ansible, you can execute tasks and playbooks on multiple different systems with a single command. To represent the variations among those different systems, you can create variables with standard YAML syntax, including lists and dictionaries
  2. Note: For brevity, input variables are often referred to as just variables or Packer variables when it is clear from context what sort of variable is being discussed. Other kinds of variables in Packer include environment variables (set by the shell where Packer runs) and expression variables (used to indirectly represent a value in an expression)
  3. AMI FACTORY WITH AWS (CODEPIPELINE, CODEBUILD, PACKER AND ANSIBLE) When launching an AWS EC2 instance it is possible to perform common automated configuration tasks by passing a user data to the instance. Unfortunately, it increases the start time and the more the user data do, the more things can go wrong.In highly-available and auto-scalable.
  4. »Ansible Local Provisioner. Type: ansible-local The ansible-local Packer provisioner will execute ansible in Ansible's local mode on the remote/guest VM using Playbook and Role files that exist on the guest VM. This means Ansible must be installed on the remote/guest VM. Playbooks and Roles can be uploaded from your build machine (the one running Packer) to the vm
  5. Using Packer, Ansible and S3 can provide a very efficient way of storing your secure credentials and using them to create configuration files. While this method does require you to pay a little set-up cost up front, it can potentially save you a lot of time provisioning remote servers, especially if you use auto-scaling
  6. | `ansible_user_vars` | A space delimited string that the user can pass to use in the ansible roles | `` | The variables found in `packer/config/*.json` or `packer/<provider>/*.json` should not need to be modified directly. For customization it is better to create a JSON file with your changes and provide it via the `PACKER_VAR_FILES.

And during the packer build, you can pass this file as shown below. packer build -var-file=vars.packer.hcl Using a JSON File. You can also list all the variables in a JSON file and pass it during the packer build as shown below. packer build -var-file=variables.json ami.pkr.hcl locals. Locals are also variables, but they cannot be overridden Deep Dive: Using Packer and Ansible to create a golden VMware image for Docker Enterprise - part 1 11 minute read Background. In part 1 of my series on Declarative Docker Enterprise, I describe how we used Packer to create a golden image for the VMs that will later make up our Docker Enterprise cluster. This post will detail how that is done Variables can be defined using a single quoted string (containing one or more variables) using one of the formats below. key=value. Method 1. $ ansible-playbook release.yml --extra-vars version=1.23.45 other_variable=foo $ ansible-playbook release.yml -e version=1.23.45 other_variable=foo In your yml file you assign these to scoped ansible. terraform packer. Over the last few years, I have used HashiCorp's Packer and Ansible to build a lot of images. One of the problems that I have had with my setup generally is how to set various variable that are needed for Packer to build the images successfully. For example, at a minimum I need to have VPC ID, Subnet ID, and and AWS Region.

Configure local host with ansible cd packer-ansible-terraform ansible-playbook ansible/selfconfig-playbook.yml Provision pipeline host with terraform, packer, ansible cd packer-ansible-terraform ./build-and-launch.sh Install Mongodb with ansible Note the addition of env before {{ .Vars }}. » Default Environmental Variables In addition to being able to specify custom environmental variables using the environment_vars configuration, the provisioner automatically defines certain commonly useful environmental variables: PACKER_BUILD_NAME is set to the name of the build that Packer is running. This is most useful when Packer is making. Ansible configures the Azure VM to pull the Docker image and run it; Next, we'll take a look at the configuration of the Dockerfile, Packer, Terraform, and Ansible. Dockerfile Configuration. Below is the dockerfile that we built to run Jenkins. It also contains the binaries of Vault, Terraform, and Ansible config_file (string) - The path to an Ansible Configuration file.. By default, this option is not set, and Ansible will search for a possible configuration file in some default locations.. extra_vars (string or hash) - Pass additional variables (with highest priority) to the playbook.. This parameter can be a path to a JSON or YAML file, or a hash. Example

Automatic template creation with Packer and deployment with Ansible in a VMWare VSphere environment¶. Knowledge: Complexity: . Reading time: 30 minutes. Prerequisites, Assumptions, and General Notes Packer aws example with terraform example, How to create a Packer AWS Machine Image for EC2, Packer with AWS and build machine images for AWS and deploy the Machine Images AMIs to EC2 using Terraform. Infrastructure automation with Packer and Terraform. Create Machine Images AMIs with Packer and Deploy to AWS

Packer has a lot of provisioner available! Your favorite server provisioner is probably supported. This video will show an example of using Ansible (local) to provision a server as well.. Here's what we're doing in a nutshell The first step is to set an environment variable so that Azure DevOps will use the version if Packer we provide. Click the plus button at the side of the agent phase and click on the PowerShell task. Provide a sensible name for the task, then select the inline option, and enter the following code in the script box

Add a way to pass extra variables to ansible-local

Deep Dive: Using Packer and Ansible to create a golden VMware image for Docker Enterprise - part 1 11 minute read Background. In part 1 of my series on Declarative Docker Enterprise, I describe how we used Packer to create a golden image for the VMs that will later make up our Docker Enterprise cluster. This post will detail how that is done I am passing --extra-vars arango_cluster=false to packer ansible provisioner which should run the task below. This works absolutely fine in test kitchen. However, in Packer it keeps skipping the task with: Amazon-Linux-2: TASK [arangodb-..

Ansible - Provisioners Packer by HashiCor

  1. DC/OS Agent AMI using Packer and Ansible. For more than five years, DC/OS has enabled some of the largest, most sophisticated enterprises in the world to achieve unparalleled levels of efficiency, reliability, and scalability from their IT infrastructure. But now it is time to pass the torch to a new generation of technology: the D2iQ.
  2. Under Pipelines, navigate to Library where we'll be storing pipeline variables to use with the deployment script. Create a new Variable group and give the Variable group name - packer-image-build-variables. The pipeline will call this variable group to fetch its associated values. Add the following variables
  3. g from Preseed/kickstart
  4. Packer has support for Ansible in 2 modes - local and remote. Local mode (type: ansible-local) means that Ansible will be launched inside the Docker container - just like my previous setup. But Ansible won't be installed by Packer so you have to do this by yourself with shell provisioner - similar to my Ansible bootstrapping in.
  5. This role will take in predefined variables for that host type, like where to download the evaluation ISO and what image name to set in the answer file, and generate it on the fly. To generate these files run; ansible-playbook packer-setup.yml -e man_packer_setup_host_type=<host type>

Packer is lightweight, runs on every major operating system, and is highly performant, creating machine images for multiple platforms in parallel. Packer does not replace configuration management like Ansible or Chef. In fact, when building images, Packer is able to use tools like Ansible or Chef to install software onto the image The inputs and outputs from different steps can be chained to pass arguments and variables between these steps. In the code snippet below, an application is retrieved from a s3 bucket, by using the S3Download action and installed, taking advantage from input/output chaining. Ansible. Packer and Ansible. Packer support Ansible as an.

User Variables - Templates Packer by HashiCor

Understanding Ansible Register variable scope and use across playbook and hosts. Registered variables are similar to facts, with a few key differences. Like facts, registered variables are host-level variables. However, registered variables are only stored in memory. Register variables don't survive across plays and different hosts than.

packer build \-var-file=variables.json \ template.json You can also combine -var and var-file flag to specify values from both the command line and a file. 3 To do so we will use Packer. I am not going to go in to Ansible part as it depends on what you want in your snapshot you can just point the playbook_file to your playbook. Packer Base image To build the base image make sure you generate the Hetzner API TOKEN and set it as an environment variable variables: Like Packer variables, used to avoid repeating code or hardcoding values. Users can override variables' values by passing them as options to Terraform. output: Used to expose information about the resources managed by Terraform to external systems, for example to expose the IP address of an EC2 instance managed by Terraform By default Ansible will look in each directory within a role for a main.yml file for relevant content (also main.yaml and main):. tasks/main.yml - the main list of tasks that the role executes.. handlers/main.yml - handlers, which may be used within or outside this role.. library/my_module.py - modules, which may be used within this role (see Embedding modules and plugins in roles for more.

Using Variables — Ansible Documentatio

This repo contains configs for Packer, Terraform and Ansible and since this article's focus is Packer let's take a look at packer directory structure. . ├── setup │ ├── autounattend.xml │ ├── setup.ps1 │ └── vmtools.cmd ├── vars.json.example └── windows-server-2016.jso yum -y install ansible We then pass some configuration to the Ansible provisioner about where our roles are in our Packer project filesystem, where our inventory file is, where our group variables are and, finally, where our main playbook file is. The playbooks are exactly the same as the ones we used when we we're working with Vagrant directly When using Ansible with CloudFormation, typically Ansible will be used with a tool like Packer to build images, and CloudFormation will launch those images, or ansible will be invoked through user data once the image comes online, or a combination of the two. Please see the examples in the Ansible CloudFormation module for more details Pass the data via stdin. (You need shell instead of command) Set environment variables (see the task argument environment) Re-write your script as an ansible module. Then you can have full access to your variables. Since I am sure this is just a bare bones example, I am not sure which idea would work best in your case Create Azure resource group. Create Azure credentials. Define Packer template. Build Packer image. Create a VM from the Packer image. Test VM and webserver. Next steps. Each virtual machine (VM) in Azure is created from an image that defines the Windows distribution and OS version. Images can include pre-installed applications and configurations

Input Variables - HCL Configuration Language Packer by

  1. First, we need to create a user, policy and bucket. We will then use the bucket ARN in our statement. I am using variables for most of the things in order to have a clean code. Since we want to pass parameters to the json file, we will use a data resource called template_file. In order to use it, we must rename our json extension to tpl
  2. Ansible Extra Vars File JSON. define your all variables in one json file and using below command we can pass varibles in json file format. ansible-playbook release.yml --extra-vars @some_file.json. here some_file.json is the file in which we have to place all your variables. Ansible Extra Vars List
  3. $ ansible -i inventory -m win_ping win --ask-pass $ ansible-playbook -i inventory --limit win site.yml Variables. Sample. See defaults/main.yml for full scope. harden_eventlogs_maxsize: 314572 Default is for v2.6, Sep 2018 $ . ~/.azure/credentials $ packer build azure-windows_server_2016.json $ packer build -var-file=variables.json azure.
  4. Tutorial: CI/CD for Azure using Terraform, Ansible and VSTS. This is part 1 of a 2-part series demonstrating how to continuously build and deploy Azure infrastructure for the applications running on Azure. The first article will show how open source tools, such as Terraform and Ansible, can be leveraged to implement Infrastructure as Code
  5. This post is the second in a series on creating a Kubernetes cluster containing both Linux and Windows workers. The first post covered building the virtual machine images ready to be configured as Control Plane or Worker nodes. This post will cover initializing the cluster using Terraform and Cloud-Init. The final post in the series will cover how to deploy applications to the cluster and make.
  6. Getting Started with Vagrant and Ansible Over the past year, I've been working a lot with Packer and Terrafrom from HashiCorp. Terraform is a tool for managing your infrastructure as code and Packer is a tool for building Virtual Machines (VMs) and Containers in a consistent manner

Ami Factory With Aws (Codepipeline, Codebuild, Packer and

Ansible Local - Provisioners Packer by HashiCor

Feel free to implement different ways to pass them to packer. Non-standard location of sftp-server command on AWS Linux AMIs This tip can save you from setting debug options in Ansible and Packer to skim through logs in order to understand why you cannot provision an AWS Linux machine with the Packer test template found in the documentation Automating SQL Server Deployment with Packer, Terraform and Ansible. Equinox uses Microsoft SQL Server as the primary relational database for our services, applications, and tools. This translates to many SQL servers, in multiple environments which over time has resulted in server sprawl and configuration drift Building Docker image with Packer and provisioning with Ansible - __readme.m Packer is easy to use and automates the creation of any type of machine image. It embraces modern configuration management by encouraging you to use a framework such as Chef or Puppet to install.

Inventory_hostname variable - Introduction. ansible's inventory_hostname is a built-in variable. It takes the hostname of the machine from the inventory script or the ansible configuration file. Since the value is taken from the configuration file we are defining, the actual runtime hostname value might vary from what is returned by this variable Using managed identies for Azure resources. Remove tenant id and subscription id if provided in json file On Monday, February 25, 2019 at 9:14:16. Apr 27. . jaiswa...@gmail.com. Apr 27. Packer and Managed Identity. Hello I have managed identity setup for a VM and gives contributor permission for the entire # user & passowd & sudo without password [web] mynameinv=Rajesh in inventory [web:vars] ansible_user=user1 ansible_ssh_pass=pass1 ansible_become=yes # user & key & sudo with password [app] mynameinv=Rajesh in inventory [app:vars] ansible_user=user1 ansible_ssh_private_key_file=node.pem ansible_become=yes ansible_become_pass.

Ansible File Lookup Example. Simply put, Ansible file lookup helps to read the file content and load or display within the Ansible playbook. with Ansible file lookup you can read a file and assign to a variable for further processing. in the following example, you could notice that the task1 and task2 are doing the exact same job of copying the. Usage: packer [--version] [--help] <command> [<args>] Available commands are: build build image(s) from template console creates a console for testing variable interpolation fix fixes templates from old versions of packer inspect see components of a template validate check that a template is valid version Prints the Packer versio Ansible expects a dictionary of groups (each group having a list of hosts, and group variables in the group's vars dictionary), and a _meta dictionary that stores host variables for all hosts individually (inside a hostvars dictionary).. When you return a _meta dictionary in your inventory script, Ansible stores that data in its cache and doesn't call your inventory script N times for all the. Now, we use shell to install Ansible on the target machine and ansible-local to import, install, and execute Ansible roles to make our target machine conform to our standards. Packer uses shell to remove temporary keys before it creates an AMI from the target and temporary EC2 instance Method to invoke lookup plugins. Method 1 - using lookup. Method 2 - Using query. In Ansible 2.5, a new jinja2 function called query was added for invoking lookup plugins. The difference between lookup and query is largely that query will always return a list

Managing secure credentials with Ansible, Packer and S3

  1. provisioner/ansible: The default extra variables feature added in Packer v1.0.1 caused the ansible-local provisioner to fail when an --extra-vars argument was specified in the extra_arguments configuration option; this has been fixed
  2. It should be easy to integrate with other tools like Terraform and Packer. Ansible uses YAML to declare the state of the machine. While terraform works at the level of cloud resources, Ansible uses modules for effecting chages on the machine like installing APT packages, copying files or running arbitrary commands
  3. Or use Packer to bake an AMI and use Ansible as a local provisioner. In this case, it is common practice to use environment variables for secrets in use by Terraform providers (AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, etc) instead of storing them directly in .tf files that are then pushed to github
  4. Nov 20, 2017 · I am provisioning AWS infrastructure using terraform and want to pass variables such as aws_subnet_id and aws_security_id into ansible playbook using vars_file (don't know if there is any other wa ansible/** terraform/** packer/** 4
  5. Using environments and variables to dynamize requests When we want to test an API, we need to test it on several environments for better results. F or example, we will test it on our local machine and development environment, and then also on the QA environment

add ansible_user_vars as a way to pass user defined

  1. It should be easy to integrate with other tools like Terraform and Packer. Ansible uses YAML to declare the state of the machine. playbooks to setup the nodes it creates by passing in these.
  2. The iso_url and iso_sha512 refer to to Debian CD ISO file and are set by shell environment variables, through the packer_variables.sh file. The ssh_user and ssh_pass refer to the user that will be created in the machine images. The vbox_url and vbox_sum refer to the VirtualBox guest addon tools that is to be installed
  3. Ansible will run the playbook on instances matching the project=owl and env=demo tags but exclude those with the tag packer_build=true.. If your servers are located in a private network, ansible-runner can work with the Bastion host approach. In an Amazon Web Services (AWS) context, a bastion host is defined as instances that sit within your public subnet and are typically accessed using SSH.

Packer Tutorial For Beginners - Automate VM Image Creatio

Understanding the Complete Ansible DevOps Pipeline. The Need for DevOps. Automating the Automation. Taking Software from Artifacts to Deployment. Using Packer with Ansible and AWS. Writing and Using Ansible Roles. Using Ansible Templates and Variables. Working with Ansible Vault. Deploying to AWS Production. Ansible and AWS Rolling Update Group Variables. You can set variables that apply to all hosts by using the playbook layout specified in Ansible's Best Practices document and creating a group_vars/all file where you define them.--- # file: group_vars/all ansible_connection: ssh ansible_ssh_user: vagrant ansible_ssh_pass: vagran

Deep Dive: Using Packer and Ansible to create a golden

Automate your VM and VMare vSphere environment with Ansible and provision virtual machine s automatically.Want to know how to provision your virtual machines for your environment automatically? It's actually pretty simple and I think after a few tries it will hopefully work for you and get you moving forward. The following article is valid for all VMware vSphere versions since 6.x also for. • Show how Ansible can perform variable substitution into other variables Our custom module needs to receive data from Ansible, then pass results back. To get parameters from Ansible, we need to let Ansible know what arguments our module supports. Packer and Ansible can work together to build ready-to-use images for the cloud Enough about Packer though, let's get back to creating an Ansible role for installing Packer. The first step in creating a role is creating its directory structure. In order to create the base directory structure, we're going to use a tool bundled with Ansible (since 1.4.2) called ansible-galaxy: $ ansible-galaxy init azavea.packer In the 'Template File Name' field, type the name of the Packer template you added with Halyard. You do not need to worry about the file path, just the file name. If your template requires some variables to be filled out, you can add them as 'Extended Attributes' and Spinnaker will pass them along. Configure Deploy Stag

How can I pass variable to ansible playbook in the command

Building a Packer Image with Terraform - AustinCloudGur

Packer v1.3.1; Ansible latest; (in the packer file only, not vm variables). Here we are reading the env variable from our local computer where we are running packer for aws authentication and. Transcript. Sean: I'm Sean Carolan, solutions engineer with HashiCorp. I'm based out of Austin, Texas. Dylan: I'm Dylan Silva, the product manager for Ansible Engine or Ansible Core, or just Ansible project—whatever you want to call it. I'm out of this fair Bay Area of San Francisco. Sean: So today we're going to present to you our musings on the subject of how our tools work better together zuul-jobs - Ansible job definitions for Zuul. You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long The final variable (ansible_host) I'm using here is optional and you only need to include it if the hostname of the server in question can't be resolved via DNS. In this case you can specify an IP address for the server here. In order to use this inventory file we need to pass the -i flag t First, we define environment variables required by the ansible playbook-. STATE_RES_NAME is where we are going to store the outputs. gce_name is the name of instance. gce_zone is the GCP zone where the instance is going to be provisioned. gce_machine_type is the machine type that will be provisioned

GitHub - rohitgabriel/packer-ansible-terrafor

Vagrant provision Ansible; Start with uncluttered basebox, install apps on top of and then package it to be reused # List all intalled vagratn boxes vagrant box list FAQ. Is it possible to pass values from command line to Vagrant File? You cannot pass any parameter to vagrant. The only way is to use environment variables. MY_VAR='my value. Sandboxing Ansible - Part 4: Ansible. It's finally time to start playing with Ansible. Part 1 of this series gives a brief introduction to Ansible as a tool, so I'll skip over that and go straight into it. At this point I'll assume that the Ansible control server and the other nodes are already provisioned

Shell - Provisioners Packer by HashiCor

24th March 2021 asp.net-core, c#, docker, docker-container, environment-variables I'm working with docker for the first time and I'm trying to figure it all out. In this project I'm working with we make extensive use of Windows environment variables for use in our startup file The most comprehensive DevSecOps certification in the world, become a Certified DevSecOps Expert by learning to write custom roles for OS hardening, infrastructure as code, compliance as code and perform vulnerability management at scale, with hands-on advanced training in our state of the art labs.. Earn the certification by passing the 24-hour practical exam JMETER Distributed Test Automation. In This project I have automate jmeter distribution test using Gitlab CI pipeline.The pipeline provide us to create custom AMI that is build from Packer so if.