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Types of cervical spinal cysts

The arachnoid cyst of the spine (cyst of Tarlova) is a cavity, the walls of which are formed by the arachnoid (spider web) of the spinal cord. This tumor is formed mainly in the lumbosacral spine. The content of the arachnoid cyst is represented by cerebrospinal fluid. This neoplasm is a kind of perineural cyst of the spine Ganglion and synovial cysts are benign lumps caused by a buildup of fluid in a tendon sheath or joint capsule. They most commonly show up on the top of the wrist, but may also affect the feet or the spine. What are the symptoms of spinal cysts

Cyst of spine - types, features of symptoms and treatment

Juxtafacet cysts seem to be a degenerative change of the cervical spine rather than a traumatic event. Similar to their counterparts in the lumbar spine, they tend to arise in segments with increased mobility. Surgical treatment is effective. Juxtafacet cysts seem to be a degenerative change of the cervical spine rather than a traumatic event Spinal meningeal cysts are classified as intradural and extradural ones. Intradural cysts include arachnoid cysts, enterogen (endodermal, neuroenteric) cysts, and ependymal cysts [ 11 ]. Among the cysts in the spinal canal, the arachnoid derived lesions are most common 41 patients undergoing cervical spine MRI 6 patients showed perineural cysts (14%). Size ranged from 4 to 12 mm and the lower cervical was predominantly affected. The reported clinical symptoms could not be correlated to the found perineural cysts. Cervical perineural cysts seem to be a common asymtomatic incidental finding Cervical cysts which form on the outer layers of the cervix, also known as nabothian cyst, are non-cancerous growths. Doctors consider this a normal part of the cervical anatomy. However, if the cyst formation is accompanied by other symptoms such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain during intercourse, and excruciating pain in the pelvic region. Syringomyelia cyst (syrinx) in the spinal cord Syringomyelia (sih-ring-go-my-E-lee-uh) is the development of a fluid-filled cyst (syrinx) within your spinal cord. Over time, the cyst can enlarge, damaging your spinal cord and causing pain, weakness and stiffness, among other symptoms

On or near the spine, there are three primary types of cystic expressions: Sebaceous cysts are generally harmless fluid filled sacs which occur just under the skin. These cysts are very common throughout the body and can often be easily felt and sometimes even visualized Types of Spinal Tumors . There are 5 common types of primary benign tumors including: Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC). These are not actually tumors; they are cysts that look and are treated much like tumors. ABCs occur most often in the posterior area of the lumbar spine. More women than men have these cysts and most are discovered when the patient. The cysts contain CSF and have thin walls. They may be intradural or extradural and may contain neural tissue. The spinal meningeal cyst classification uses these features to separate the different type of cysts Ganglion cysts function much like synovial cysts but arise from the posterior longitudinal ligament (which is located behind the spine and inside the spinal canal). They often require surgical removal if they become symptomatic. The third kind of cyst is a Tarlov cyst, which is a cyst of the nerve roots commonly in the sacrum (or lower spine)

A synovial cyst of the spine is a fluid-filled sac that develops along the spine. It's the result of degeneration of a facet joint of the spinal vertebrae. Most synovial cysts develop in a part. Juxtafacet cysts are soft-tissue masses that arise from joints in the spine. They include synovial cysts - true cysts with a synovial lining - versus ganglion cysts which are actually pseudocystic histologically. [ 3 ] These lesions can cause myelopathy and/or radiculopathy due to their mass effect Synovial cysts in the mid-back and neck are rare. When they do occur, thoracic synovial cysts and cervical synovial cysts may cause a range of symptoms that fall under the broad term myelopathy—problems with the spinal cord resulting in numbness and weakness. 

Spinal Cysts Johns Hopkins Medicin

  1. Synovial cysts develop within the facet joints as cartilage wears away and excess fluid is produced within the joint. The excess fluid is retained within synovium of the joint and forms a cyst. Other types of spinal cysts include arachnoid cysts, tarlov cysts, extramedullary cysts and many more
  2. A perineural cyst, also known as a Tarlov cyst, is a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-filled sac that is located at, or distal to, the junction of the posterior nerve root and the dorsal ganglion
  3. Tarlov cysts are fluid-filled nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral level of the spine - the vertebrae at the base of the spine. These cysts typically occur along the posterior nerve roots. Cysts can be valved or nonvalved
  4. Synovial cyst of the cervical spine. Jabre A, Shahbabian S, Keller JT. A case of acute posttraumatic myelopathy resulting from hemorrhage into synovial cysts bilaterally at the C-6, C-7 facet joints is presented. The pathogenesis of synovial cysts remains unclear, although reports in the literature have implicated trauma leading to cyst.
  5. Decompression with Spine Fusion Surgery. The most reliable treatment method for a synovial cyst is to remove the cyst and then fuse the joint. Fusing the joint stops all the motion at that level of the spine, and without any motion, the cyst should not regenerate. This is the most reliable treatment, but it is also an extensive surgery for the.
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  7. The congenital extradural spinal cysts (also called developmental extradural arachnoidal cysts or extradural arachnoid cysts) typically come to medical attention during the second decade of life, whereas the other three types are diagnosed most often during the middle of life. Congenital Extradural Spinal Cysts

Juxtafacet cysts of the cervical spin

Tarlov cysts, also called perineural cysts, are CSF-filled dilatations of the nerve root sheath at the dorsal root ganglion (posterior nerve root sheath). These are type II spinal meningeal cysts that are, by definition, extradural but contain neural tissue.. Most Tarlov cysts are asymptomatic, but in some individuals can lead to neurological dysfunction and pain the classification of sacral spinal canal cysts by Nabors MW et al. [22], sacral extradural spinal meningeal cysts are divided into two types: the ones with spinal nerve roots fibers and the ones without (Figs. 4, 5 and 6). Sa-cral extradural spinal meningeal cysts with Spinal nerve roots fibers, also called Tarlov cysts, are characterized b

Metastatic tumors of the spine are the most common tumors of the spine, and are routinely treated without surgery unless there is resultant spinal instability or neurologic compromise. The majority of metastatic lesions are treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy that is specific for the primary cancer type Cervical cysts aren't cancerous. The most common variety is a nabothian (nuh-BOW-thee-un) cyst, which forms when normal tissue on the outer part of the cervix grows over the glandular, mucus-producing tissue of the inner part of the cervix. When mucus, fluid or tissue becomes trapped, a cyst forms. Nabothian cysts are so common that they're.

Tag: types of cervical spinal cysts. Mega Cottage Cheese Cyst On The Spine Drained. February 5, 2021 By Recail. Source: LINK. Huge Cyst In Spine Removed At Home. February 18, 2019 By Recail. Search for: Search. Click Here For The Biggest Archive of Popping Videos 6 Things To Know About Needle Injection Shoulder Injurie Neurenteric cysts are rare developmental cysts derived from the embryonic endodermal layer, usually located intradurally in the cervical and upper dorsal spine ventral to the spinal cord. With the exception of a transoral approach to one craniospinal cyst ( 21 ) , the lower ones with intact vertebral bodies have all been primarily approached.

report the fourth case of a synovial cyst of the cervical spine and the third case in which it caused myelopathy and spastic paraparesis. Case Report An 82-year-old woman presented with leg weakness, unsteadiness, and paresthesia of both hands of 3-weeks duration. She had long-standing mild neck stiffness Tarlov cyst is an important differential diagnosis and carefully searched in MRI of patients with radicular symptoms rising even from the cervical spine. The aim of the write-up was to sensitise the readers about this rare entity for its more ubiquitous location and differentiation from the spinal tumours Perineural cysts are formations of fluid-filled sacs that grow on the nerves at the base of a person's spine. You may have heard of them by another name - Tarlov cysts - named for the neurologist who first described the condition back in 1938. In this blog, we take a closer look at why perineural cysts develop, what problems they cause. Tarlov Cyst Syndrome. Tarlov cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can develop near the spinal cord, they can put pressure on adjacent neural structures. These abnormalities can be without symptoms, but significant issues can arise such as pain, and bowel/bladder control problems Spinal Cysts and Tumorlike Masses. Eosinophilic granuloma: benign lesions, rare in adults, that affect bones and may cause a collapse of the vertebrae; they are more common in the mid-back.. Epidural lipomatosis: excessive growth of fat inside the epidural space.. Synovial cyst: a fluid-filled sac that typically forms in the lumbar spine (lower back) around the vertebral joints, usually from a.

Synovial Cyst Symptoms. The patient's symptoms will depend largely on the cyst's size, position, and how it is impacting the surrounding neural structures. Typical symptoms will usually include one or a combination of the following: Lumbar radiculopathy, or leg pain (also called sciatica ). The leg pain may occur in one or both legs, and may. Discal cysts of the cervical spine in two dogs 545. Spinal cysts were categorized by location based on cross-sectional imaging as meningeal or extradural non-meningeal. Several types of. A Tarlov cyst is a dilation of a spinal nerve root sheath, in other words, the outer covering of a spinal nerve. The progressive accumulation of cerebral spinal fluid inside the nerve causes it to expand and form a cyst. The expanded or dilated spinal nerve can then compress other nearby nerves around it and cause debilitating symptoms

A spinal cyst is simply a synovial cyst that forms on the tendons or joints in the spine, often as the result of natural degeneration. It is a benign, fluid-filled sac that can vary in size and often go unnoticed unless they are pressing against a nerve or affecting joint movement Arachnoid cysts were classified by Nabors et al. as extradural without spinal nerve root involvement (type I), extradural with spinal nerve root involvement (type II), and intradural (type III). The cyst in the present case was type III. Cervical radiculopathy due to an arachnoid cyst has been reported in only two cases , In 1988, Nabors et al. classified spinal cysts simply into three major categories on the basis of surgical, radiological, and histological criteria. Type I are spinal extradural meningeal cysts with out spinal nerve root fibers (two subclassifications are defined as Type IA -extradural meningeal cyst and Type IB -sacral meningocele). Type II ar

Cysts can cover the greater lumen of the cervical canal, which leads to stagnation of fluid in the uterus, as well as infertility. Modern diagnostic methods. First of all, we need a thorough examination and diagnosis. Usually, cervical cyst glands can be found during a routine pelvic examination Neurenteric cysts involved the cervical spine in 9 patients; the cervico-thoracic area in 3; the thoracic vertebrae in 4, and the thoracic-lumbar area in 1 patient. In all patients, an anatomical connection was found between the spine anomaly and an NEC. Cysts were located in ventral positions in 12 and dorsal positions in 7 patients One very painful degenerative condition of the spine that I commonly see in my clinic is the facet cyst.. These are also referred to as synovial cysts as they originate from the synovium (lubricating tissue that lines the opposing surfaces of a joint) of the spinal facet joints. While facet cysts theoretically can originate at any level of the spine, they most commonly occur in the lower. MRI of the cervical spine was done. Sagittal T2W images showed hyperintense lesion at both C5-C6 neural foramen (Figure 1 & 2). Axial T2W They have been classified by Nabors,et al as Type 2 or extradural meningeal cysts with spinal nerve root fibres [7] and by Goyal,et al as category 1 of intraspinal cysts [7] Tarlov cysts are sacs filled with cerebrospinal fluid that most often affect nerve roots in the sacrum, the group of bones at the base of the spine. These cysts (also known as meningeal or perineural cysts) can compress nerve roots, causing lower back pain, sciatica (shock-like or burning pain in the lower back, buttocks, and down one leg to.

The root cause of cysts in the base of the spine is unknown. But there are reasons why these cysts can grow and cause symptoms. If a person experiences some type of trauma in the back, perineural. Recurrent intramedullary enterogenous cyst of the cervical spinal cord types of spinal cord tumors is promising but, so far, not clearly defined [2]. Definitive diagnosis of an intramedul

Diagnosis and Treatment/Symptoms Management. Most Tarlov cysts are discovered on MRI, CT or Myelogram. The best imaging study to image the Tarlov/perineural cyst is a spine MRI, and since the vast majority (95%) of the perineural cysts are on the sacral spine, then the order should be for a full sacral spine MRI (S1-S5) all the way to the coccyx/tailbone Patients with arachnoid cysts usually present between the ages of 20 and 50, but these cysts can occur at any age and any spinal level ; 85% are located in the thoracic spinal canal, 15% in the cervical spinal canal ( Figs. 9-5 and 9-6 ) , and 5% in the lumbar spinal canal. The majority of spinal arachnoid cysts are located dorsal to the spinal. Tarlov cysts, are type II innervated meningeal cysts, cerebrospinal-fluid-filled (CSF) sacs most frequently located in the spinal canal of the S1-to-S5 region of the spinal cord (much less often in the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine), and can be distinguished from other meningeal cysts by their nerve-fiber-filled walls. Tarlov cysts are defined as cysts formed within the nerve-root sheath. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) is a surgical procedure where the disc is removed through the front of the neck (anterior approach) in order to relieve pressure from the spine (decompress) and relieve pain. This procedure is combined with a fusion surgery in order to stabilize the neck Arachnoid cysts are relatively common benign and asymptomatic lesions occurring in association with the central nervous system, both within the intracranial compartment (most common) as well as within the spinal canal. A bilateral facet dislocation is an unstable flexion distraction type of dislocation of the cervical spine, often a result.

Syringomyelia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

The anterior epidural space of the lumbar spine was a common location of types A and B (80%, 4/5), whereas the posterior epidural space of the thoracic or cervical spine were common in types C and D (89%, 8/9). Four of the 5 patients with type A and B lesions were young men (two 18-year-olds, one 20-year-old, and one 23-year-old) Introduction . Spinal simple bone cysts, also known as solitary cysts, are extremely unusual benign primary bone tumors with few cases reported in the literature. Case Presentation . Incidental Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) finding of a C2 Simple bone cyst in a 13-year-old female patient is reported. Complementary studies suggested the benign nature of the lesion sue, is a particular type of teratoid cysts. The epithelial type conforms to the typical respira-tory mucosa, and the glycocalyx-like structure at the top of the coat is an ultrasonic feature of the specific endoderm-derived epithelium [6]. Cervical spine cysts are often dermoid cysts, epidermoid cysts, teratoid cysts , and teratoma Cervical and thoracic Tarlov cysts may produce pain and neurological symptoms or deficits in the distribution of the involved nerve root, or myelopathic from an extradural or subarachnoid cyst in the high thoracic region, or symptomatic from a mediastinal cystic extension behind the trachea

Classification, mechanism and surgical treatments for

The location of the cyst within the spine and the severi-ty of spinal cord and root compression affect the clinical presentation.16 Spastic tetraparesis and impaired sensory levels are indicative of cervical cysts, whereas Horner syn-drome is a common presentation in patients with cysts that occur lower in the cervical spine.4 Patients with. Type IA cysts are often asymptomatic; although, thoracic and cervical cyst may present with spasticity and sensory changes (Figs 3,4).4 Type IB It has the same features as the type IA, but its location is sacral.1 Present with radicular symptoms and/or blad-der or bowel dysfunction.4 Type II (extradural AC with spinal nerve root fibers Up to 17% of patients have a missed or delayed diagnosis of cervical spine injury, with a risk of permanent neurologic deficit after missed injury of 29%. Most cervical spine fractures occur predominantly at two levels. One third of injuries occur at the level of C2, and one half of injuries occur at the level of C6 or C7 Spinal neurenteric cysts are uncommon congenital lesions, furthermore solitary neurenteric cysts of the upper cervical spine are very rare. A 15-year-old boy having an intraspinal neurenteric cyst located at cervical spine presented with symptoms of neck pain and both shoulders pain for 2 months Extramedullary cysts of the spinal canal may produce a slowly progressive myelopathy, myeloradiculopathy, or radiculopathy [].Infrequently these lesions cause symptomatic spinal cord compression [].CT myelography and MR imaging have improved detection and understanding of these cysts

Cervical Cysts : Causes, symptoms, treatment, & prevention

Search Results. 500 results found. Showing 126-150: ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M50.90 [convert to ICD-9-CM] Cervical disc disorder, unspecified, unspecified cervical region. Cervical disc disorder, unsp, unspecified cervical region; Calcification of cervical disc; Calcification of vertebral disc - cervical (neck); Cervical (neck) disc disease. The two main types of this condition are lumbar spinal stenosis, which affects your low back, and cervical spinal stenosis, which affects your neck. Cervical spinal stenosis can cause pinched nerves, known as radiculopathy, or damage to your spinal cord, called myelopathy The second most common location of synovial cysts in the spine are, with equal incidence, the levels L3-L4 and L5-S1. Cervical and thoracic locations are rare. In the cervical spine, the mobile lower segments may be involved. Only 5 cases occurring at the level C1-C2 have been reported

Syringomyelia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Spinal intradural arachnoid cysts are cerebrospinal fluid-filled sacs that are located between the spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane (one of the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord).The signs and symptoms of the condition vary based on the size and location of the cysts. Some affected people may have no suspicious symptoms while others experience progressive back and leg. Summary: Simple bone cysts are common, benign, fluid-filled, cystic lesions that occur mostly in the metaphysis of the long bones and are rarely found in vertebrae. A case of a simple bone cyst in the spinous process of the fourth cervical vertebra in a 26-year-old woman is reported. According to the radiologic findings, the lesion was identified as a simple bone cyst, and the diagnosis was. Tarlov cysts are fluid-filled sacs that are usually found at the bottom of the spine (the sacrum). They grow in the roots of the nerves that grow out of the spinal cord. Most of the time, Tarlov cysts don't cause symptoms. When symptoms occur, they may include pain in the lower back, buttocks, or stomach Introduction Synovial cysts of the cervical spine are rare. These lesions have been associated with other spinal conditions as osteoarthritis, spondylolisthesis, and disc degeneration, with authors postulating a possible link with segmental spinal instability. This study aims to describe an atypically presenting case of a cervical synovial cyst. Case report A 65-year-old man presented with. In the spinal channel, juxtafacet cysts has been classified into three groups according to their location: joint (facet), flavum and posterior longitudinal ligament cysts. We prefer the histopathological classification, which only consider two types: true cysts (so called synovial cysts) and pseudocysts

Spinal Cyst - Back Pai

Synovial cysts can also develop due to trauma, degeneration of facet joints, a vertebra slipping forward over an adjacent one (spondylolisthesis), or unrelated spinal conditions like scoliosis. A common sign of a spinal cyst is pain that goes away when seated since this is when the spinal canal widens Type Of Cysts #1: Pilar Cyst. A pilar cyst is a cyst that is formed from a hair follicle and is most often seen on the scalp. Pilar cysts are usually mobile, smooth, and filled with keratin. Also known as a trichilemmal cyst, these cysts usually tend to develop in areas where there are high concentrations of hair follicles The spinal canal also houses the beginning of the spinal nerve roots. These are the nerves that leave the spine, exiting the spinal canal through foramina (small openings) to branch out to the body. The cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine have the same overall anatomy in adults and in children

Spinal Tumors: Benign and Malignant Type

A spinal tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue within or surrounding the spinal cord and/or spinal column.These cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, seemingly unchecked by the mechanisms that control normal cells. Spinal tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Primary tumors originate in the spine or spinal cord, and metastatic or secondary tumors result from cancer. Cervical Syringomyelia. Cervical syringomyelia is a very serious spinal issue that involves the atypical accumulation of fluid or the formation of a cyst inside the spinal cord. This fluid or material can increase pressure inside the tracts of the spinal cord and cause permanent neurological damage, as well as subsequent functional dysfunction Spinal arachnoid cysts are usually classed as one of 2 main types: Primary spinal arachnoid cysts: Primary spinal arachnoid cysts occur as the result of a congenital abnormality. They are present at birth and occur during the first few weeks of gestational development

Spinal meningeal cyst Radiology Reference Article

Introduction. Spinal arachnoid cysts (SAC) occur in the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral regions in descending order of frequency. 1 These can be either ventral or dorsal to the cord in the cervical and thoracic regions. The commonest location is mid/lower dorsal thoracic region The first three types are rarely reported. [5] To the best of our knowledge, only one case of intramedullary hydatid cyst of the spine has been reported in the medical literature. [6] In this report, the second case of intramedullary hydatid cyst in the cervical spine is presented Spinal synovial cysts often manifest in the L4/5 region of the lumbar spine, a particularly flexible area of the spine - they are rarely found in the thoracic and cervical regions. Synovial cysts are typically associated with facet joint arthropathy; degenerative changes, such as osteoarthritis and spondylolisthesis, affect the spinal joints. Intramedullary enterogenous cysts of the cervical spinal cord are rare. We report a case of symptomatic recurrence of this type of cyst 8 years following its original surgical treatment. Download to read the full article tex Because this ligament stretches the length of the spine and is located along the inside of the spinal canal, any thickening of the ligament can put pressure on the spinal cord inside the spinal canal. Cysts such as these synovial cysts when embedded within the ligamentum flavum contribute to a painful condition called spinal stenosis. Stenosis.

Lumbar Spine Cysts - SpineUnivers

Dr. Frank Feigenbaum is a Board certified neurosurgeon practicing in Dallas, Texas and Overland Park, Kansas with extensive experience in treating Tarlov and meningeal cyst patients. Dr. Feigenbaum has developed and refined a surgical treatment for meningeal cysts with proven statistical results About 25% of Americans older than age 50 have this type of cyst. Some people inherit the tendency to develop many kidney cysts, a condition called polycystic kidney disease, which often causes high blood pressure and can lead to kidney failure. Symptoms. Cysts can cause a wide range of symptoms, depending on the type of cyst and its location Ventral cervical spinal intradural arachnoid cyst: an unusual presentation Section. Neuroradiology . Case Type. Clinical Cases Authors. Elizabeth M. Núñez Peynado, Carlos Vázquez Olmos, Marta Tovar Pérez, Silvia Torres Del Rí Tarlov cyst or perineural cysts are categorized into the list of type II innervated meningeal cysts. The Tarlov Cyst or perineural cyst are filled with the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Tarlov Cyst is most often seen in sacral nerves and lies within lower lumbar or sacral spinal canal. Cyst is located at the base of the spinal nerve close to. The signs and symptoms of a cyst in the brain and spinal cord are the same as those of tumours. The specific symptoms depend on the location of the cyst and usually appear when the cyst is large enough to affect brain or spinal cord function. The different types of cysts are named for where they start or for the material they contain. Arachnoid.

Synovial Cyst of the Spine: Symptoms and Treatmen

incidence. risk factors. revision surgery. cyst adherent to dura. 50-55% of cases the facet cyst is adherent to the dura. limited cyst resection in these cases minimizes dural tear risk. partial cyst excision results in 88% success rate for lumbar spinal stenosis while while minimizing risk of dural tear Approximately 90 percent of spinal ganglion cysts do not return following surgical removal, and patients with other spinal conditions are also likely to find the relief they are looking for if spinal surgery is necessary. At The Spine Institute Center, we specialize in a wide array of fusion procedures and back fusion alternatives. Call 310-828.

Lumbar epidural arachnoid cyst | Image | RadiopaediaWhat is Synovial Cyst and How is it Treated?Intervertebral (spinal) disc diagram on http://ehealthstar

A blister-like cyst was seen to be located in the pons and posterior part of the cervical spinal cord. The cerebellar tonsil was compressed and pushed upwards. After opening the cyst, it was seen that there were multiple compartments of a hard texture within the cyst. The cyst tightly adhered to the cerebrum, pons and cervical spinal cord cervical spine injury; bulging or herniated cervical discs; cysts or tumors on the vertebrae or spinal cord; No matter the cause, most people won't notice any symptoms from stenosis right away (if ever). You'll only start to feel the condition impact your life once there's significant nerve compression A rare case is presented of a synovial cyst located at the level of C3-C4 that caused cervical myelopathy and that was preoperatively diagnosed by facet arthrography. A woman in her late seventies experienced muscle weakness and numbness in her right upper extremity and gait disturbance. MRI revealed an extradural lesion located dorsolaterally on the right side of the spinal cord at the. ABSTRACT. Fourteen patients with intradural extramedullary cysts of the spinal canal are described. Histological classification included 11 arachnoid, 2 epithelial, and 1 ependymal cyst. There were 9 thoracic, 3 cervical, and 2 lumbar cysts. The most common clinical presentation was a slowly progressive myelopathy